May 9, 2018
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INFECTIOUS ARTHRITIS

Posted by    mediclinic no comments

The Disease and the Symptoms:

Caused by a viral infection, this disease is characterized by swelling and irritation in the joints. Primary symptoms can include muscle and joint pain, swelling in the joints proceeded by fever, with or without a rash. In some extreme cases, the patient can suffer from all these symptoms simultaneously.

In India, viral disease such as dengue and chikungunya are the major cause of viral arthritis. Other viruses that can be responsible for this disease include hepatitis B, C, HIV, hepatitis B and C, rubella, and mumps

IN THE RISK ZONE

Though anyone can be affected by this disease, people who are more prone to catch viral infections and arthritis due to other medical conditions fall in the risk zone.
These include:

  • Diabetics
  • Expecting mothers
  • Geriatric patients
  • Young and malnourished children
  • Patients with vitamin and micronutrient deficiencies
  • Patients with compromised immune systems

Understanding the Disease:

The immune system gets activated and produces antibodies to fight viral antigens when the viruses enter the body. This antigen-antibody problem can affect the muscles and joints, resulting in acute pain.

At times, the body is unable to differentiate between the antibodies and antigens, following which the immune system begins to attack the joint tissues.

Treatment:

  • Viral arthritis is a self-limiting disease and does not respond to antibiotics or other medications.
  • Hence, the treatment here must be supportive with a focus on the symptoms.
  • Medication can be given to patients to alleviate the pain. Usually paracetamol is the drug of choice.
  • If approved by the doctor, the patient can also undergo physical therapy to strengthen his muscles, improve flexibility and get a long-term pain relief.
  • For Pregnant women, it would be necessary to take medications to prevent harmful side- effects from affecting the body.

Important Tips:

  • Drink Plenty of fluids
  • Consume food rich in Vitamin D, E and B12
  • Follow ergonomic postures to prevent excess stress on joints
  • Take rest when joints are inflamed
  • Contact a doctor at #Themediclinic immediately if suffering from high temperature fever with a rash

If you are also suffering from the same problem, then you can visit best chikungunya arthritis doctor in Punjab for the treatment.

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