Varicose veins are twisted and the puffy veins having a red or bluish-purple color that usually appears under the skin of legs, but they may develop in the other body regions also. Varicose veins generally occur when the valves in the veins do not function properly. Therefore, blood begins to collect in the veins around the legs rather than continuing to the heart that result in swollen and painful veins.
Varicose vein surgery is often known as stripping, a surgical procedure that helps to remove varicose veins from the thighs and legs. This procedure treats and prevents varicose veins from coming back. The varicose vein stripping can be performed with ligation, avulsion, or ablation.
Why is Varicose Vein Stripping Performed?
Varicose vein stripping is done if a patient is suffering from:
A varicose vein patient should consult with a specialist surgeon to know if varicose vein stripping is suitable to treat the complication.
Exams and Tests
Physical Examination and Medical History are the most important tools in varicose veins diagnosis.
During the physical exam, legs and feet or any other affected body regions are examined for varicose veins. Varicose veins are usually easily visible through the skin. Your legs will be examined for swelling, tender areas, changes in skin color, ulcers, and various other signs of skin breakdown. You may be asked to move your legs in different positions to check the blood flow.
A medical history includes various investigations related to serious leg injuries or vein problems, leg ulcers, along with any other risk factors you might have suffered in the past, including your family history of varicose veins.
Varicose veins are generally treated on an outpatient basis using less invasive procedures with any need of a longer hospital stay or a long, difficult recovery.
Self-care includes physical exercise, losing weight, avoid wearing tight clothes and standing or sitting for long periods. It can help to ease prevent and pain varicose veins from getting worse.
Before moving on to other treatments, the doctor may first advise you wearing a compression stocking all the day. A compression stocking steadily helps a patient to squeeze his/her legs and thereby helping leg muscles and veins to transfer blood more efficiently. The rate of compression varies by brand and variety.
Other treatments for more-severe varicose veins
In more severe conditions, when a self-care or compression stockings methods fails, a doctor may suggest one of the following varicose vein treatments:
In this procedure, small- and medium-sized varicose veins are injected with a solution that closes those veins and scars. In a few weeks, treated varicose veins should fade. Sclerotherapy can be performed in a doctor’s office, without any need of local anesthesia.
This is a newer technique to treat large veins. Here, large veins are injected with a foam solution is to close and seal a vein.
Laser treatments involve utilization of new technology without any incision or use of a needle to close off smaller and spider varicose veins. Laser surgery is performed by sending a strong beam of light onto the vein, to allow them slowly fade or disappear.
Catheter-assisted Procedures using Laser Energy or Radiofrequency
In this procedure, a thin tube or catheter is inserted into an enlarged vein and then the tip of the catheter is heated by using laser energy or radiofrequency. This, in turn, destroys the vein by causing it to collapse, whenever the catheter is pulled out. This procedure is particularly performed to treat larger varicose veins.
High ligation and vein stripping
It is an outpatient procedure, where a vein is tied before it joins a deep vein and removed through small incisions. This won’t adversely affect blood circulation because many other deeper veins deeper take care of the larger volumes of blood.
Here, smaller varicose veins are treated with a series of tiny skin punctures. This outpatient procedure is performed with local anesthesia only requires on the parts of leg region that are being pricked with minimal scarring.
‘Mediclinic’ delivers the advanced and most experienced practices in the region. Our skilled team of doctors and surgeons along with para-medical staff always work together as a team to ensure quality care for a successful and early recovery.