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Skin is a sensitive and seamless organ and even a small injury due to an accident, burn, trauma, surgery, or acne infection can cause a scar with multi-layer effect on the skin. Usually, the occurrence of a small skin scar not creates much problem especially in a region that is easy to conceal. The hard truth is that most of the skin scars are permanent and will never go away completely. So, when a scar becomes problematic, most people look for a suitable treatment that can help reduce its size or change its appearance.

Once a scar forms there are certain methods that can help reduce its size to make less visible, relocate, and change its appearance.A treatment method usually depends on the type and location of the scar.

Here, we have highlighted common types of Scars:

  • Burn scars. A severe burn injury can damage a large section of skin and cause it to heal in a puckered way to form a contracture scar. These scars may also affect deeper into the skin and hamper muscles and nerves function.
  • Keloid scars. These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. They are most commonly occurring among people with dark skin.
  • Hypertrophic scars. They are red and raised scars that appear similar to keloids but never go out of the boundary of the injury. These scars may also hamper the natural movement of muscles and tendons.
  • Acne scars. They are unattractive and exist in various types, ranging from deep pits to angular or wavelike in shape and appearance.

Most treatment options depend on the types of the scars including surgery for the scar removal, steroid injections, or silicone sheets to make the scars flat.

Some common scar treatments include:

  • Over-the-counter or prescription ointments, creams, or gels. Various steroids or certain anti-histamine topical medications are used to treat scars caused by various skin cuts, wounds, or injuries. In severe acne scarring, your dermatologist can recommend pressure treatment or silicone gel sheeting as a preventive care or treatment of scars.
  • Injections. Keloids or hypertrophic scars can be treated by using steroid injections to heal them on their own or with other treatments.
  • Surgical treatment. Deeper scars can be treated with skin grafts, dermabrasion, excision, or laser surgery according to the severity of scars.
  • In a skin graft, a section of skin from another area of body is used. This method is often used to treat burn patients. If scarring impairs the muscle and nerves function, then these problems can be addressed with surgery.

When scars caused due to a surgery, wait at least one year to make a decision about scar treatment. Most scars fade or become less visible over time.

Z-plasty procedure is used to transfer a scar from one area to another, usually into a crease or a natural fold in the skin to minimize its appearance. Although Z-plasty does not eliminate all signs of a scar, it can make it less visible.

You should first discuss with your specialist doctor about any of the above methods along with risks involved for each type of scarring.

Also, it is essential for a patient to for a follow-up care to monitor healing. Anything unusual thing should be immediately reported to your doctor.

To get more information request an appointment at Mediclinic to discuss Scar Removal and Reconstructive Surgery.