Sjogren’s Syndrome

sjogrens

Sjogren’s Syndrome is a chronic auto-immune disorder where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own moisture-producing glands, causing decreased production of saliva and tears. So, the hallmark symptoms associated with Sjögren’s syndrome are dry mouth and dry eyes, but it may also cause dryness of other organs including GI system, liver, blood vessels, lungs, the kidneys, pancreas and the Central Nervous System.
This syndrome primarily affects women with an average age of 40 years. It takes at least six years for this syndrome to manifest fully. This might be one of the reasons that every year number of patients recorded with Sjogren’s Syndrome in Punjab goes on increasing exponentially. If you are also suffering from the same then you can find a doctor for Sjogren’s syndrome near Ludhiana.

Symptoms
As it is already mentioned above, Sjogren’s Syndrome primarily exhibits two main symptoms:

  • Dry eyes- Usually associated with itching, burning or gritty feeling
  • Dry mouth- Mouth may feel like full of cotton and causes difficulty to swallow or speak.

Beside above symptoms, some patients may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling
  • Prolonged fatigue
  • Swollen salivary glands especially behind jaw and in front of ears
  • Dry skin and rashes
  • Dryness in Vagina
  • Persistent dry cough

If you are experiencing any of above symptoms, then initially you should immediately bring it to the attention of doctor offering Sjogren’s syndrome treatment Ludhiana.

Risk and Complications
Many people who suffer from Sjogren’s syndrome are likely to get affected by a rheumatic disease also such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

The most common complications involve mouth and eyes as stated below:

  • Dental problems: Saliva helps to protect the teeth from the bacterial attack. If mouth remains dry then bacteria can attack teeth to cause dental cavities.
  • Oral thrush: Patients with Sjogren’s syndrome are more likely to suffer from oral thrush, a yeast infection that occurs in the mouth.
  • Vision problems: Dry eyes may suffer from light sensitivity, blurred vision, and corneal ulcers.

You can visit Doctors specialising Sjogren’s syndrome to get best treatment for the same to avoid any related complications.

Tests and Diagnosis
A variety of tests may be performed such as Blood tests, Eye tests, and Imaging tests such as Sialogram and Salivary scintigraphy that help to rule out other disease conditions and also confirm the prevalence of Sjogren’s syndrome.
Also, in some cases, a specializing doctor may perform a lip biopsy to find out the clusters of inflammatory cells that indicate Sjogren’s syndrome. In biopsy test, generally, a small section of tissue is removed from salivary glands present in the lip and examined under a microscope.

Treatment
Generally, treatment of Sjogren’s syndrome is advised according to the individual patient’s symptoms such as

  • In controlling the saliva, pilocarpine (Salagen) and cevimeline (Evoxac) are prescribed.
  • NSAIDS are used to relieve pain.
  • Hydroxychloroquine can be used to relieve various symptomatic conditions like malaria.
  • Methotrexate is prescribed to suppress the immune response
  • Excessive dry eyes can be relieved with minor surgery.

Always remember an early diagnosis and proper treatment can help you to prevent serious complications and also help in improving your quality of life.
So don’t wait and consult a specialist doctor now!
If you are going to find a doctor for treatment, then there can be no better place than Mediclinic, offering advanced clinical facilities to treat all joints problems including Sjogren’s syndrome treatment.

Causes of Vasculitis

vasculitis causes

Vasculitis is also known as angiitis and arteritis. It is referred as the inflammation and damage to the walls of various blood vessels. The actual cause of this disease is still unknown. Various vasculitis problems have their own characteristic pattern of symptoms, which specifically depend on the affected organs. If you are also suffering from any sign or symptom related to Vasculitis that worry you much then immediately make an appointment with your nearest specialist Clinic for the best treatment for Vasculitis.

Most of the Vasculitis problems types are rare. It may affect only one organ, such as skin, or several organs. Vasculitis can occur for short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic). It may affect anyone, though some types are more common among certain groups.

Vasculitis can affect anyone, but some forms are more common among certain people groups. Treatment usually depends upon the types of Vasculitis, also some medications are available to control and prevent the inflammation and flare-ups.

Vasculitis is also accompanied with:

  • Infections (such as hepatitis B)
  • Exposure to chemicals (such as amphetamines and cocaine)
  • Medications
  • Cancers (such as lymphomas and multiple myeloma)
  • Rheumatic diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus
    Symptoms

It greatly varies from person to person as per the affected organs and the severity. Some common Vasculitis Symptoms include;

  • Fatigue and malaise
  • Weakness and weight loss
  • Skin rashes, skin discoloration, and ulcers
  • Muscle pain
  • Shortness of breath and cough
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Headaches, confusion, seizures, stroke, paralysis, numbness, and lightheadedness
  • Kidney failure.

If you are also experiencing the same symptoms, then you can get the treatment from best doctors for vasculitis in Ludhiana.

Complications
It depends on the severity and type of condition which includes:

  • Organ damage
  • Blood clots and aneurysms
  • Vision loss or blindness
  • Serious Infections
    • Diagnosis

      • Laboratory testing of blood or body fluids
      • Variety of organ function tests
      • X-ray test of the blood vessels or Angiogram
      • A biopsy of involved tissues such as skin, sinuses, lung, nerve, and kidney

      Treatment
      It is purely based on the severity of the problem and the organs involved. The main aim of the treatment is generally directed toward preventing the inflammation and suppressing the immune system. Generally, Corticosteroid medications such as prednisone, are prescribed to control the symptoms. Along with this, other immune suppression drugs are also considered. If heart or lungs are involved, then it may require additional and specific medical treatment.

      Always remember, some Vasculitis types can get worse quickly if not treated well on time. Therefore, an early diagnosis is the key to ensure an effective treatment success.

      Mediclinic is an advanced clinical center for all Arthritis and Connective Tissue Diseases including Vasculitis. They have a specialized team of doctors who have an extensive experience in helping and treating a number of patients with this condition. You can also take benefit from a multidisciplinary approach of Vasculitis treatment in Ludhiana, Punjab.
      Contact us and request for an appointment today!

Systemic Sclerosis

systemic sclerosis

Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma) represents ‘hard skin’ which is a common finding in the patients affecting with this disease. It mainly occurs due to the abnormal growth of connective tissue under the skin and organs that resulted in scarring and thickening. Systemic sclerosis mainly affects the skin, muscles, blood vessels and internal organs such as lung, heart, intestines etc. In case you are also suspected with the symptoms of systemic sclerosis, then visit a nearby specialty clinic for systemic sclerosis treatment near Ludhiana.
Systemic sclerosis usually reaches to peak level in the age between 40-50 years. It is approximately 2 to 4 times more commonly occur in women than men. This disease is not linked to any race, geography, season, occupation or socioeconomic status.

Causes
Although the exact cause of scleroderma is still unknown, however, it is suspected that Systemic Sclerosis occurs when part of the immune system has become over-reactive or out of control and produces too much of collagen that gets deposited in the skin and other body organs causing the fibrosis (hardened skin) and organ dysfunction. An abnormal function of tissues along the lining of blood vessels may lead to conditions like Raynaud’s phenomenon and telangiectasias. All these complications are usually initiated by abnormal functioning of body’s own immune cells, also some environmental agents and hormones can stimulate cells to produce excessive collagen.

Symptoms 
In the early stages, Scleroderma may affect the skin only and causes skin thickening along with shiny areas around mouth, fingers, nose, and other bony areas.
As the disease progresses, it causes a restricted movement of the affected areas and many other symptoms such as loss of hair, white lumps under the skin, joint pain, dilated blood vessels under the skin surface, shortness of breath, dry cough, diarrhea, constipation, difficulty in swallowing, esophageal reflux, and abdominal bloating
Also, Systemic Sclerosis may cause spasms of the blood vessels, especially in fingers and toes areas to turn them white and blue particularly in the cold or extreme emotional stress. This condition is known as Raynaud’s phenomenon.

Complications 
Various serious complications related to Scleroderma include

  • high blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • kidney failure
  • cancer

Diagnosis
Usually, a scleroderma specialist performs a physical exam to identify the symptomatic changes in skin and organs related to Systemic Sclerosis. A high blood pressure may be the sign of changes in kidney function due to sclerosis. Various blood tests may be performed such as antibody testing, sedimentation rate, and rheumatoid factor.
Other diagnostic tests include; chest X-ray, urinalysis, CT scans of the lungs, and skin biopsies.

Treatment and Disease Management
Although no permanent cure is available for this condition, still various symptomatic treatments and medications can help patients to minimize their disease progression and overcome symptoms. All treatments are specially tailored according to every patient’s symptoms to prevent complications.
Medications to control generalized symptoms include:

  • Immunosuppressants, for e.g. methotrexate or Cytoxan
  • Corticosteroids
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Symptomatic treatments include

  • Medication to control high blood pressure
  • Medication to aid breathing
  • Physiotherapy
  • Photo-therapy, such as UVA1 phototherapy
  • Nitroglycerin cream or ointment to relieve tightening of the skin

Also, it would be of great help for Scleroderma patients to control their symptoms by adopting a healthy lifestyle and staying away from smoking and junk foods. You can book your appointment at Mediclinic to take an expert guidance or advice from a reputed scleroderma specialist in Ludhiana.